Unlike many European cities, Toronto takes a positive approach to diversity, as re ected in its o cial slogan: Diversity our Strength. Nonetheless, Toronto’s approach has also been criticized for utilizing diversity as a marketable asset (Boudreau et al., 2009) or for ignoring unemployment, poverty and the issue of socio-spatial inequality. Our main case-study area, called Jane and Finch, is located on the northwest side of Toronto. With a population of approximately 80,000 residents, Jane and Finch is truly hyper-diverse with regard to many indicators: among others, ethnic and cultural background, place of origin, legal status, income, age, educational level, housing and the built environment. Under which social and spatial conditions do people in a hyper-diversi ed area live together? How do they perceive diversity? How do they pro t from hyper-diversi cation? And what kind of policy e orts and conditions support and enhance the positive outcomes of diversity?