Budapest, the focus of this book, is a diverse city with a population of about 1.7 million inhabitants. It is the largest city in Hungary and also one of the most important economic, political and cultural centres in Central and Eastern Europe. In spite of the 2008-2009 economic crisis, Budapest and its agglomeration still offers better employment and investment opportunities than any other part of the country. However, while the city attracts transnational companies, skilled labour and tourists in large numbers, notable socio-spatial inequalities also exist within its boundaries, mirrored by segregation processes and increasing concentrations of poverty. Furthermore, Budapest is one of the primary destinations for both domestic and international migrants in Central Europe, and the proportion of ethnic minorities within the population is well above the national average – around 7% in 2011. The diversity of the local society has been recognised by several national and city level policies, and certain aspects of its heterogeneity (e.g. cultural values, creative workers) are considered to be the key factors related to its improving economic competitiveness (Fabula et al., 2015).