Antwerp, the focus of this book, is a highly diverse city with a current population of more than half a million inhabitants. As the largest city of the Flemish region in the north of Belgium, and the second largest city of the country after Brussels, Antwerp is a thriving economic centre. The city has the second largest seaport in Europe after Rotterdam. In addition, Antwerp is home to one of the largest diamond trade centres in the world. Although the Antwerp diamond trade has long been dominated by the Jewish, nowadays the majority of people working in the diamond trade are Indian dealers. With currently more than 40% inhabitants of foreign origin, Antwerp is in the process of becoming a city where the sum of all minority groups of foreign origin equal or even outnumber the native population. At the moment, the largest ethnic minorities in Antwerp are the Moroccans, followed by the Dutch, Turks, Poles, Yugoslavs and Russians.